CONTENT OF EXCHANGEABLE CATIONS IN ALBIC LUVISOLS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

Marjan Andreevski, Duško Mukaetov

Abstract


On different locations of the country, 23 soil profiles of Albic Luvisols were excavated and morphologically described
on the field. More than half of soil profiles (15) were under forest vegetation, 4 soil profiles were under grass
and the other 4 on arable land. The survey showed that the cation exchange capacity (CEC) is higher in the humus accumulative
horizon A, but lower in the eluvial horizon. Due to increasing amount of clay in a lower part of a soil profiles,
a CEC increases in hor. Bt, BtC and C. The base saturation percentage ranges from 46.93 % to 60.83 %. From
these data we can see that the soils are in advanced stage of acidification. In Albic Luvisols, the basic cations (Ca++, Mg ++,
K+, Na+) are more common in comparison to acid cations (H+ + Al+++). Exception is the eluvial horizon, where the content
of acid cations higher compared to basic cations. Among the exchangeable basic cations, we can see that the content
of Ca++ cation has the highest values, Mg++ is less represented, while K+ and Na+ cations have the lowest contents
among the exchangeable cations.


Keywords


albic luvisols; cation exchange capacity; exchangeable cations

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20903/csnmbs.masa.2019.40.2.139

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