EVALUATION OF FIELD RESPONSE TO YELLOW RUST AND SEPTORIA LEAF BLOTCH OF MACEDONIAN BREAD WHEAT GENOTYPES

Biljana Kuzmanovska, Mirjana Jankulovska, Ljupcho Jankuloski, Sonja Ivanovska, Rade Rusevski, Dane Boshev

Abstract


Our study had several goals: assessment of field response of 20 Macedonian bread wheat genotypes to yellow
rust and Septoria leaf blotch; identification of resistant and moderately resistant genotypes; and identification of potential
sources of resistance which may be used for breeding programs in the future. Field experiments were conducted
during two consecutive growing seasons in two regions in the Republic of Macedonia. Examined genotypes showed
different genetic response to Zymoseptoria tritici and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, in both regions and in the separate
years of investigation. The genotype MAC10 was immune to both wheat pathogens and MAC16 was identified as
immune to yellow rust and moderately resistant to Septoria leaf blotch in both regions. These genotypes will be recommended
to local wheat producers, and will be used as genetic source for resistance in national wheat breeding programs.


Keywords


wheat genotypes; response; yellow rust; Septoria leaf blotch

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20903/csnmbs.masa.2019.40.2.145

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