MINERALS FROM MACEDONIA. X-RAY POWDER DIFFRACTION vs. VIBRATIONAL SPECTROSCOPY IN MINERAL IDENTIFICATION

Gligor Jovanovski, Petre Makreski, Branko Kaitner, Bojan Šoptrajanov

Abstract


A b s t r a c t: Some of the advantages and imperfections in the cases when the X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) or Raman vibrational spectroscopy are used as a separated techniques in the process of the mineral detection, identification, discrimination and characterization are comparatively presented. The studied mineral samples: rutile, TiO2; hematite, Fe2O3; almandine, Fe3Al2(SiO4)3; spessartine, Mn3Al2(SiO4)3; limonite, FeO(OH); goethite, α-FeO(OH); ferrojohannsenite, Ca(Fe,Mn)Si2O6; olivine, (Mg,Fe)2SiO4; forsterite, Mg2SiO4; fayalite, Fe2SiO4; beryl, Be3Al2Si6O18; phlogopite, KMg3(Si3Al)O10(F,OH)2 and clinochlore (sheridanite), (MgFe)5Al(Si3Al)O10(OH)8 are collected from various localities in the Republic of Macedonia.


Keywords


minerals; X-ray powder diffraction; vibrational (infrared and Raman) spectroscopy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20903/csnmbs.masa.2009.30.1-2.22

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