Ljupčo Melovski


This article presents the records about four new Buckler fern (Dryopteris) species for the territory of the Re-public of Macedonia and new data about the distribution of some rare Buckler fern species.
Dryopteris is one of the most complex fern genera in Europe. Hybridization and apomixis among some of the spe-cies contribute to difficulties and uncertainties for identification of individual species. That, coupled with lack of research on ferns in Macedonia for the last 30 years, resulted in a low level of knowledge within this vascular plants’ group.
The field research of the flora of Macedonia and thorough check of two herbaria (MKMEL and MKNH) in Skopje revealed presence of four new Buckler fern species in Macedonia: Dryopteris affinis subsp. jessenii, D. ore-ades, D. mindshelkensis and D. expansa. Additionlly, several other localities for rare species: D. borreri, D. dilatata and D. carthusiana were reported.
Further research is needed to fill the remaining gaps, particularly in relation to identification of hybrids and more detailed study of the distribution pattern of rare Buckler fern species.


Dryopteris affinis; Dryopteris oreades; Dryopteris mindshelkensis; Dryopteris expansa; Republic of Macedonia; rare ferns

Full Text:



The Plant List, Version 1.1. (2013). [] (accessed: 1 January 2016).

M. Christenhusz, E. von Raab-Straube, Polypodiop-sida, in: Euro+Med Plantbase – The information re-source for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (2013). [ EuroPlusMed/query.asp] (ac-cessed: 21 September 2016).

C. R. Fraser-Jenkins, Dryopteris in Spain, Portugal and Macaronesia, Bol. Soc. Broteriana, Ser. 2a, 55 (1982), pp. 175–336.

C. R. Fraser-Jenkins, The species and subspecies in the Dryopteris affinis group, Fern Gaz., 18, 1 (2007), pp. 1–26.

K. Micevski, The Flora of SR Macedonia I/1. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Skop-je 1985, pp. 1–152.

C. R. Fraser-Jenkins, Dryopteris affinis: a new treatment for a complex species in the European Pteridophyte flora, Willdenowia, 10, 1 (1980), pp. 107–115.

J. Dostál, C. R. Fraser-Jenkins & T. Reichstein, Dryopteris, in: J. K. Kramer (Ed.), Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa, 1, 1, Berlin, (1984), Berlin-Hamburg, pp. 136–169.

C. R. Fraser-Jenkins, A classification of the genus Dryopteris (Pteridophyta: Dryopteridaceae). Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot., 14 (1986), pp. 183–218.

C. R. Fraser-Jenkins, Taxonomic and nomencla-tural notes 5, Dryopteris, in: Checklist of Europe-an Pteridophytes. Sommerfeltia 6, (1987) pp. x–xiii. [L. N. Derrick, A. C. Jermy, A. M. Paul (Eds), Oslo, Norway (1987), pp. 1–94].

C. R. Fraser-Jenkins, Dryopteris Adanson, in: Flo-ra Europaea, 2, 1, T. G. Tutin, N. A. Burges, A. O. Chater, J. R. Edmondson, V. H. Heywood, D. M. Moore, D. H. Valentine, s. M. Walters, D. A. Webb (Eds), Cambridge University Press, Cam-bridge, 1993, pp. 27–30.

M. Gibby, The Dryopteris dilatata complex in Macaronesia and the Iberian Peninsula, Acta Bo-tánica Malacitana, 8, (1983), pp. 59–72.

M. Gibby, Hybridization and speciation in the ge-nus Dryopteris (Pteridophyta: Dryopteridaceae) on Pico Island in the Azores. Pl. Syst. Evol., 149 (1985), pp. 241–252.

L. N. Derrick, A. C. Jermy, A. M. Paul, Checklist of European Pteridophytes, Sommerfeltia Oslo, 6 (1987), pp. 1–94.

H. Piękoś-Mirkowa, The distribution of the Dryop-teris dilatata complex in Poland and in Slovakia, Veröff. Geobot. Inst. ETH, Stiftung Rübel, Zürich, 106 (1991), pp. 282–287.

E. Szczęśniak, D. Tlałka, A. Rostański, Key to identification and descriptions of species of Buck-ler-ferns (Dryopteris Adans.) occurring in Poland. In: Genus Dryopteris Adans. in Poland, E. Szczęśniak, E. Gola (Eds), Polish Botanical Socie-ty & Institute of Plant Biology, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, 2009, pp. 5–34.

L. Ekrt, P. Trávníček, V. Jarolímová, P. Vít, T. Urfus, Genome size and morphology of the Dryop-teris affinis group in Central Europe, Preslia, 81 (2009), pp. 261–280.

S. Jessen, W. Bujnoch, G. Zenner, C. Stark, Dry-opteris lacunosa – eine neue Art des Dryopteris-affinis-Aggregats (Dryopteridaceae, Pteridophyta), Kochia, 5 (2011), pp. 9–31.

H. Juslén, N. Väre, Wikström, Relationships and evolutionary origins of polyploid Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae) from Europe inferred using nuclear pgiC and plastid trnL-F sequence data, Taxon, 60, 5 (2011), pp. 1284–1294.

B. Thiers, [continuously updated]. Index Herbario-rum: A global directory of public herbaria and as-sociated staff. New York Botanical Garden's Vir-tual Herbarium, [] (accessed: 26 August 2016).

H. Piękoś-Mirkowa, The ferns of the Dryopteris dilatata complex in Poland, Monogr. Botanicae, 59, Warszawa, 1979, pp. 1–75. (In Polish with English summary.)

H. Piękoś-Mirkowa, Dryopteris affinis (Lowe) Fra-ser-Jenkins – nowy gatunek we florze Polski [Dryop-teris affinis (Lowe) Fraser-Jenkins: a new species in the flora of Poland], Fragm. Fl. Geobot., 27 (1981), pp. 359–370. (In Polish with English summary.)

J. W. Merryweather, British male ferns, Pteridolo-gist, 4, 1 (2002), pp. 12–14.

J. W. Merryweather, Male ferns, Pteridologist, 4, 6 (2007), pp. 173–177.

D. Ivanova, Dryopteris affinis ssp. borreri (Pteri-dophyta: Dryopteridaceae) in the Bulgarian flora, Fl. Medit, 14 (2004), pp. 201–218.

D. Ivanova, Dryopteris ×ambroseae (Dryopterida-ceae: Pteridophyta), a hybrid new to Bulgaria, Phytol. Balcan., 12, 3 (2006), pp. 351–356.

A. Bär, A. Eschelmüller, Aktuelle Taxonomie und Übersicht unserer Funde von Dryopteris affinis (Lowe) Fraser-Jenkins und von Bastarden mit Dryopteris filix-mas, Mitt. Naturwiss. Arbeitskr. Kempten, 42, 1/2 (2007), pp. 21–35.

B. Woziwoda, Morphological diversity of ferns in the Dryopteris affinis group in Central Poland, in: Genus Dryopteris Adans. in Poland, E. Szczęśni-ak, E. Gola (Eds.), Polish Botanical Society & In-

stitute of Plant Biology, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, 2009, pp. 45–59.

R. Lampinen, Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) and Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) (2001), [http://] (accessed: 23 Sep-tember 2016).

Lj. Melovski, B. Markovski, S. Hristovski, D. Jo-vanovska, V. Anastasovski, S. Klincharov, M. Ve-levski, N. Velkovski, A. Trendafilov, V. Matevski, M. Kostadinovski, M. Karadelev, Z. Levkov & D. Kolchakkovski, Regional division of the Republic of Macedonia for the needs of biological databases, Mac. J. Ecol. Env., 15, 2 (2013), pp. 81–111.

D. Tlałka, Dryopteris affinis (Lowe) Fraser-Jenk. s. str. and D. pseudodisjuncta (Tavel ex Fraser-Jenk.) Fraser-Jenk. Nowe gatunki we florze Polski, Acta Botanica Silesiaca, 11 (2015), pp. 173–182.

B. Assyov, A. Petrova, D. Dimitrov, R. Vassilev, Conspectus of the Bulgarian vascular flora - Dis-tribution maps and floristic elements, in: Fourth revised and enlarged edition, B. Assyov, A. Pe-trova (Eds), Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation, Sofia, 2012, pp. 1–494.

K. Micevski, The Flora of SR Macedonia I/3. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Skop-je, 1995, pp. 401–503.

R. L. L. Viane, Dryopteris expansa and D. × am-broseae (Pteridophyta) new for Belgium, Bull. Soc. Roy, Bot. Belg., 118 (1985), pp. 57–67.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Contact details

Bul. Krste Misirkov br.2
1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Tel. ++389 2 3235-400
cell:++389 71 385-106
About the journal

CSNMBS is a part of the MASA Contribution series. Published by the Section Natural, Mathematical and Biotechnical Sciences.
About this site

Maintained by the Researh center for Materials and Enviroment - MANU/MASA.
Site (including the theme) set, adapted by MASA - CSIT.